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  For example, adolescent boys are more likely to buy computer games than any other group, so it makes sense to make computer game ads that appeal to this group.




  1)likely adj. 可能的,常用于句型:sb/sth be likely to do=it is likely that… 可能……

  He’s very likely to send me an email tonight.=It’s very likely that he’ll send me an email tonight.


  2) make sense 有意义;讲得通;make sense of 理解

  I can’t follow these instructions -- they don’tmake sense.


  We read the sentence through, but could not make sense of it.

  我们我们把句子看了一遍, 但不明白它说些什么。

  3) appeal to 吸引;

  appeal to sb. for sth/appeal to sb. to do sth 呼吁某人干某事;求助于

  Blue and red appeal to me, but I don’t like gray or yellow.

  我喜欢蓝色和红色, 而不喜欢灰色或黄色。

  Jack sincerely appealed to his friends to support him.


  We can appeal to the website for the information we need.


  【语法点拨】本句中的than any other…,意为“比其他任何一个……”,所谈论的对象在比较的范围之内;若不在范围之内,则不用 other。如:

  China is larger than any other country in Asia.


  China is larger than any country in Africa.


  The more exposed young people are to financial issues, and the younger they become aware of them, the more likely they are to become responsible, forward-planning adults who manage their finances confidently and effectively.




  1) expose vt.揭露;使暴露;

  be exposed to 暴露于;接触

  We must expose this shameful activity to the newspapers.


  We should allow children to be exposed to new ideas.


  2)manage v.设法对付;管理

  manage to do 设法做成...

  We need people who are good at managing.


  He managed to send the tourists to the airport in time.



  The more we get together, the happier we’ll be.

  我们越是多聚会, 我们越快乐。

  She found that kids praised for“trying hard” did better on tests and were more likely to take on difficult assignments than those praised for being“smart”.



  【词语点拨】take on 承担;呈现

  He is always ready to take on heavy responsibilities.


  The chameleon can take on the colour of its background.



  In a word, practice is far more important than book knowledge.


  He worked there through his school and university years until 1942, a year after he had gained a Master’s degree at university in chemistry.



  【词语点拨】gain vt.(经过努力)获得,取得

  We gain knowledge by practicing again and again.我们从反复训练中获取知识。

  They realized that passing the exam was no longer enough to gain a place at university.他们认识到仅仅通过这个考试,并不能确保在大学获得一席之位。

  【语法点拨】过去完成时的构成:had done,表示“过去某一时间或动作以前已经发生或完成了的动作。它表示动作发生的时间是“过去的过去”。表示过去某一时间可用by, before, after等构成的短语,也可用when, before等引导的从句或通过上下文表示。

  如:His eyes shone brightly when he finally received the gift hehad long expected.当她终于收到她盼望已久的礼物时,她兴奋得两眼闪光。

  By the time he was twelve, Edison had begun to make a living by himself.12岁时,爱迪生就已经开始自己谋生了。

  By the end of the century, we will have discovered other places in our solar system suitable for living and we will have discovered ways to go further into space.



  【词语点拨】suitable adj.合适的,适当的

  构成短语:be suitable for 适合……

  They don’t think this article is suitable for publication.


  John wanted to change over to a more suitable job.


  【语法点拨】将来完成时的构成:will have done,表示“到将来某一时间为止已经完成的动作”。常与by + 将来时间,before+将来时间和by the time 引导的表示将来时间的从句连用。如:

  He will have finished writing his novel by the end of next year.


  In today’s world, winners are celebrated and treated as heroes, but if doping and gene-therapy continue to affect the outcomes of major sporting events, the word “hero” will have lost all meaning.




  1) celebrate vt.庆祝

  The whole city celebrated the New Year with fireworks.


  2) affect vt.影响,感动

  I told him firmly that his opinion will not affect my decision.


  The audience present was deeply affected by his speech.


  【语法点拨】将来完成时, 具体用法见第5句。

  One of the earliest epidemics on record happened about 500-550 AD when the Roman emperor at the time was attempting to rebuild the Roman Empire.



  【词语点拨】attempt 尝试,试图

  William attempted to find the solution to the problem.


  He was nearly drowned in the attempt to swim across.


  【语法点拨】过去进行时的构成:was/were doing,表示“过去某个时间正在进行的动作”。常用的时间状语有this morning, the whole morning, from nine to ten last evening, when, while等。如:

  What was he writing all day last Sunday?


  My brother fell while he was riding his bicycle and hurt himself.